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Photo: GAD License: CC
Capital
current time and date
currency: Norwegian krone (NOK)
Population
Official languages
Independence
Area
Borders
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
GDP (PPP)
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Norway profile
about two-thirds mountains;

some 50,000 islands off its much-indented coastline;

strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic;

one of the most rugged and longest coastlines in the world
Norway history
Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.
interesting Norway facts
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Norway
Conventional short form: Norway
Local long form: Kongeriket Norge
Local short form: Norge
fun Norway facts for kids
Norway's capital city is Oslo
amazing Norway facts
Norway Constitution:

17 May 1814; amended many times
Norway facts for kids
Norway population growth rate: 0.33%
Norway facts for kids
Norway highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m
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Norway lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
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About 3% of Norway's land is arable.
Norway fun facts for kids
Glomma River is the Longest River in Norway
Norway fun facts for kids
Norway birth rate is 11 births/1,000 population
Norway fun facts for kids
Norway infant mortality rate is 3 deaths/1,000 live births
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Norway fertility rate is 1.77 children born/woman
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Norway climate:

temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast
interesting Norway facts
Top 10 cities of Norway with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Oslo: 925,242
2. Bergen: 238,098
3. Stavanger/Sandnes: 201,353
4. Trondheim: 167,598
5. Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg: 105,545
6. Drammen: 101,995
7. Porsgrunn/Skien: 88,860
8. Kristiansand: 70,204
9. Tromsø: 57,015
10. Tønsberg: 49,093
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Norway ethnic groups:

Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2%
interesting Norway facts
Norway Exports:

petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
interesting Norway facts
Norway Imports:

machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
interesting Norway facts
modified unicameral Parliament or Storting (169 seats; members elected by popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
19 counties (fylker, singular - fylke):
1. Akershus
2. Aust-Agder
3. Buskerud
4. Finnmark
5. Hedmark
6. Hordaland
7. More og Romsdal
8. Nordland
9. Nord-Trondelag
10. Oppland
11. Oslo
12. Ostfold
13. Rogaland
14. Sogn og Fjordane
15. Sor-Trondelag
16. Telemark
17. Troms
18. Vest-Agder
19. Vestfold
Political parties and leaders:
Center Party (Sp) - Liv Signe NAVARSETE

Christian Democratic Party (KrF) - Knut Arild HAREIDE

Conservative Party (H) - Erna SOLBERG

Labor Party (Ap) - Jens STOLTENBERG

Liberal Party (V) - Trine SKEI-GRANDE

Progress Party (FrP) - Siv JENSEN

Socialist Left Party (SV) - Audun LYSBAKKEN